Abstract: The relevance of the topic is due to the modern process of reviving military and political work in the Armed forces of the Russian Federation. In the 1930s, the cultural revolution took place in the USSR. It did not pass by the basis of the country's military organization – the Red army, as well as the Red Navy. During these years, Soviet artists actively created works about Soviet military personnel, such as cantatas and songs. Some of the composers went to the army, where they searched for material for their works. Special attention was paid to the creation of modern marches. In the cultural life of the Red army and Red Navy during this period, new phenomena appear, in particular, Amateur competitions. The author tells about the most famous of these composers and their works. It is concluded that during this period mass musical art with a defensive orientation was born.
Abstract: There is an extensive literature on boats for pontoon crossings of the BMK-90 type, mainly related to its structure. There are numerous photographs of unidentified boats. Due to the fact that more than a thousand of these vessels of this type have been produced, the task of reconstructing their biographies is a rather time-consuming procedure. A large number of boats were transferred to the national economy, and they often worked in organizations that left almost no information about this fact. The objective of this work was to reconstruct the biography of one of these boats. Based on the documentation on the personnel of the Department for Transport Development and Technical Operation of Small Rivers under the Council of Ministers of the Udmurt Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, the biography of the «Kambaryak» boat BMK-90-class is reconstructed. It is shown that the boat initially worked in the Sarapul operational office, and in 1961 was transferred to the Izhevsk operational office. In 1963, the ship returned to Kama as part of the Tchaikovsky base of the Kama River Shipping Company and decommissioned in 1966. The boat «Bolshevik» (in Izhevsk operational office «Puteets»), which was accepted into the Izhevsk operational office in 1959, apparently does not have to «Kambaryak» no relation. This is most likely the former boat of the «Udmurtles» association, which has become either the «Matros» boat or the unknown half-glider in the Izhevsk operational office.
Abstract: During the Great Patriotic War, the river fleet of the USSR suffered heavy losses, for their replenishment by the Main Trophy Directorate of the Red Army and representatives of the People's Commissariat of the River Fleet in 1945 on the territory of East Germany, the entire discovered river fleet was described to determine the composition and number of ships expected to transfer to the Soviet Union. Representatives of the Kama Shipping Company in Leningrad and Kaliningrad, received ships, and with their crews ferried them to the Kama for four years. Upon arrival at the shipping company, the ships received new names instead of an index. As a result, in 1950, out of 526 vessels of all types in the Kama River Shipping Company, 156 were ex-German. An attempt is made in this work to reconstruct the biographies of the captured ships that worked in Berezniki. Self-propelled and non-self-propelled vessels served the lines Berezniki – Tikhie Gory, Berezniki – Pozhva, Berezniki – Kambarka, as well as at the ferry and the Berezniki pier. The ex-German ships received on reparations made a great contribution to the post-war development of the national economy of the Molotov (Perm) region. They were mostly decommissioned in the 1960-s and 70-s, and some of the barges served until the mid-1980-s.
Abstract: During the capitulation of Malaga on February 8, 1937, among other ships, the Tobacco Monopoly’s ships of the Inspector-class I-2 and I-4 were sunk. Based on the family archive of Félix Agüera Martínez, whose father Féliz Agüera Paredes commanded by I-2, further details of this operation are given. He commanded the sinking, after which, along with the refugees along the "highway of death" he left for Cartagena. Together with him was the commander of the naval base in Malaga, Baudilio Sanmartín García. Among the sunken ships of the Tobacco Monopoly, a number of works also mention I-6, but this is a mistake in one of the reports of the nationalists. Republican documents and the family archives of Félix Agüera Martínez do not confirm her presence in Malaga.