Abstract: This become devoted to the history of the emergence of the Junggar Khanate artillery and producing its own firearms, describes the change in the tactics of actions of the army, after its rearming, evaluated the activities of the t Swedish artillery Iohana Gustav Renata in the creation of the country's steel industry, developing the type of guns, teaching them calculations and direct participation of Swedish specialist in battles with Chinese troops.
Abstract: The defensive battles of the Red Army of 1941 are traditionally divided into many operations.
In one of them, the Tikhvin defensive operation, which had already grown in 1941 into the Tikhvin
offensive operation, the presence on the river Volkhov and Lake Ilmen armed flotilla was of great
importancer. Unfortunately, only encyclopedic articles are devoted to the Volkhov’s rivermen and
their participation in the war. Based on scattered information, the combat route of the Ilmen
Flotilla that existed during the defensive battles of 1941 was restored. The ship’s composition of the
flotilla was established, and the biography of the vessels was traced. It was shown that the tasks of
the flotilla were mainly to evacuate people and property, as well as repel attacks by German
aircraft. In connection with the retreat of the Soviet army, individual flotilla vessels entered the
Ladoga flotilla and other formations.
Abstract: On the basis of a comparison of the “Handbook on the ship composition of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet” of 1940 and the “Ship List” of 1904, an attempt was made to identify the vessels of the Baltic Fleet which had served before the start of the Great Patriotic War. It is shown that in 1940 the most lifting barges were probably only built between 1904 and 1917, and therefore are absent in the list of 1904. However, it was revealed that in 1940 there were barges and scooters built in 1850−60 in the formation mainly at the Votkinsk plant.
Abstract: The paper considers the history of the creation and operation of gunboats of the «Cánovas del
Castillo» class in the Spanish Navy. Ships of this class became an important stage in the Spanish
military shipbuilding; they eliminated the flaws inherent in the gunboats of the previous «Recalde»
class, having received a generally quite successful type, well suited for service in Spain and military
operations in Morocco. Subsequently, this successful class after a small upgrade resulted in
gunboats built for Mexico «Guanajuato» class.
Gunboats of the «Cánovas del Castillo» class took an active part in the Spanish Civil war of
1936–39, all of which ended up in the Nationalist Navy. One of the gunboats, the «Dato», was sunk
by Republican Naval forces. After her rise, gunboat repair was combined in a modernization that
turned out to be so successful that the rest of the gunboats also underwent a similar alteration.
However, created for the colonial service, gunboats of the «Cánovas del Castillo» class could not fit
into the Spanish post-war doctrines and already in the 1950s they were all scrapped.
Abstract: Kama rivermen made a significant contribution to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. One of the heroic and undeservedly forgotten pages was the winter flight of 1941, which is the object of study in this work. Based on the memoirs of A.D. Shirinkin, who was on this voyage on the «Dukanov» steamer, is reconstructing events. Memoirs written on behalf of the captain of the ship «Ural» N.M. Shirokov and published in 1981 in the newspaper «Bolshaya Kama», are now almost the only source on this flight, introduced into scientific circulation. The text is illustrated by a series of photographs from the collection of the author, some of which are published for the first time. The images of images with text memoirs A.D. Shirinkin.